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NL Studio using Kata-CLI

As prerequisites to create NL using Kata-CLI, install Kata-CLI on your device and login with your account.

Create NL

To create a new NL using kata-cli, first create a new folder for each NLU. After that, run the following command.

kata nl-init <nl_name>

It would create a new file nlu.yml in which the nlu structure can be defined

# nl name
name: nl_name
# language (id | en)
lang: id

# visibility of your nl: public | private (default)
visibility: public

# Entities definition
  # define the entity for this nlu
  someEntity: ....

  # define other entity for this nlu
  otherEntity: ...

Use push command to create and update the NLU

kata nl-push


The following is an example on how to define entities through nlu.yml file from Kata-CLI.

name: nl
lang: id

    # example for entity type 'dict'
    # need to define your own dictionary
        type: dict
        profile: default
                - baju
                - pakaian
                - celana
                - cln
                - jeans

    # example for entity type 'phrase'
        type: phrase
        profile: ner
            - person
            - location

    # example using feature belongsTo
        type: phrase
        profile: number
        belongsTo: product

    # example for entity type 'trait'
         type: trait
         profile: intent
             - greetings
             - order
             - confirm
             - cancel
     # example root to other entity in same nl
         type: trait
         profile: default
         root: intent:greetings         # <entity_name>:<label>
             - hello
             - bye
     # example root to other entity in different nl
         type: trait
         profile: faq
         root: kata:qisg/qisg:question   # <nluId>/<entity_name>:<label>
             - faq1
             - faq2
             - faq3

     # example of using inherit
        inherit: kata:sentiment/sentiment

Bulk Training

Currently bulk training can only be done through CLI with the condition of max 100 sentences (100 lines) per file. Create a .txt file and use following syntax to tag the sentence.

Saya mau pesan pizza #intent:order

Means the sentence is classified into entity intent as label order

Totalnya berapa ya? #intent:ask #questionType:how_much

Means the sentence is classified into entity intent as label order and entity questionType as label how_much

Saya mau pesan tiket ke (@destination Malang) atas nama (@ner:person Budi) #intent:order

Means the word “Malang” is tagged for entity destination and “Budi” is tagged for entity ner as label person

Pizza (@item-1 bbq) jumlahnya (@item-1.qty dua) ya #intent:order

Means the word “bbq” is tagged for entity item with id 1, “dua” is tagged for entity qty which belongs to entity item with id 1. Using id is required for defining belongsTo.

To train the model use the following training command. Give an interval for around 15-30 seconds for the model to completely finish training.

kata nl-train -f <file_name>


To test your NL, simply use the prediction command.

kata nl-predict -s <testing_sentence>

Contributing to the Documentation

Is something missing/incorrect? Please let us know by contacting If you know how to fix it straight away, don’t hesitate to create a pull request on this documentation’s GitHub repository.